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Cuadernos del Sur. Letras

versão On-line ISSN 2362-2970


IRIARTE, Fabián O.. Poesía y subjetividad: poetas confesionales norteamericanos. Cuad.Sur, Let. [online]. 2004, n.34, pp. 187-213. ISSN 2362-2970.

The history of the semantic evolution of the word "subject" is quite complex and bound to the history of the word "object." The dualism between both nouns (and their adjectives) is a recent development since, up to idealist philosophy, they used to designate two aspects of the same cognitive process. In literature, the rise of objectivist movements (the nouveau roman in France, the objectivist poets in the United States) has led both theorists and critics to try to delineate the features of the subjective and objetive in poetics. In the 1950s, a group of writers appeared in the United States, the so-called "confessional" poets (Robert Lowell, Anne Sexton, Sylvia Plath, Theodore Roethke, to name just a few), who did not follow the reigning principles of Modernism and the New Criticism, especially those that prescribed impersonality and proscribed subjectivity in writing. Three thematic areas put to test the extent of what subjective can mean in poetry: the self, the confrontation with death, and the metapoetic reflection. The confessional poems show the mutual dependency between object and subject in what can be called literary subjectivity.

Palavras-chave : Poetry; Confessional; Subjective.

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